St. Mesrob Mashdotz & St. Sahag Barkev

At the urging of Catholicos Sahag Bartev and with the permission of King Vramshabouh, the Armenian alphabet was invented in 406 A.D. by the learned cleric Mesrop Mashdotz, who was well versed in several languages. With the help of the calligrapher Rufinus, he developed the characters, basing them largely on Greek and Syriac letters. The thirty-six letters of the alphabet exactly corresponded to all of the variations of the phonetics of the Armenian language. Later, during the Crusades, two more characters were added. The impact of this invention was immeasurable. Sermons and lectures could now be written in Armenian. The Bible was translated and soon Armenian written literature flourished.

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